The Paris Agreement on Climate Change, adopted in 2015 by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is a global treaty aimed at limiting global warming to below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C.
One of the key elements of the Paris Agreement is Article 6, which outlines the rules for international cooperation in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Article 6 recognizes the importance of cooperative approaches that involve both public and private sectors, as well as non-governmental organizations, to achieve the global mitigation goals.
At the 25th Conference of the Parties (COP25) to the UNFCCC, held in Madrid in December 2019, negotiators worked to develop detailed rules for implementing Article 6. The negotiations were critical to ensure that countries have a clear framework for international cooperation and that the Paris Agreement can be effectively implemented.
Despite long and difficult negotiations, COP25 failed to reach a consensus on the rules for Article 6. The main contentious issues included how to ensure environmental integrity, how to prevent double counting of emissions reductions, and how to ensure that mitigation activities are aligned with the overall goals of the Paris Agreement.
As a result, the implementation of Article 6 was postponed to COP26, which was scheduled to be held in Glasgow in November 2020. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, COP26 has been postponed to 2021.
The delay in implementing Article 6 is a setback for international efforts to address climate change. Without clear rules, countries and companies cannot effectively cooperate to reduce emissions and achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement.
The delay also underscores the need for continued vigilance and action on the part of all stakeholders, including government officials, businesses, civil society organizations, and individuals. Despite the challenges, we must remain committed to the Paris Agreement and work together to ensure that it is fully implemented.
In conclusion, Article 6 of the Paris Agreement plays a key role in facilitating international cooperation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. While the negotiations around Article 6 have been challenging, we must continue to work towards a consensus on the rules to ensure the effective implementation of the Paris Agreement.